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Factors Affecting Fertility in Women

In this article, we will discuss the factors that can affect fertility in women. If you are looking for Singapore Fertility, you can visit our clinic, or you can visit our website first to get more information.


1. Age
Many women wait until their 30s and 40s to have children. About one-third of couples where women older than 35 years have fertility problems.1 For women under 30, pregnancy rates reach 70-75% But drop to 60% in women aged 30-35 years, and 50% in women aged over 36 years. Another study of couples experiencing difficulty in achieving pregnancy has a 10% infertility rate in women under 30, 15% in women aged 30-35 years, 30% in women ages 35-40, and 60% in women aged at Over 40 years.

The results showed that the number of aneuploid oocytes increased with age. This increase results from the disturbance of the mechanism of regulating the formation and function of spindle yarn during meiosis. In addition to entering the age of 30 years, women are more susceptible to various diseases such as endometriosis that can affect fertility. Exposure to environmental chemicals and work can also reduce fertility in older women.

2. Cigarettes
Smoking affects both male and female fertility. The prevalence of infertility is higher and the time for conception is longer in women who smoke or even in those who are passive smokers. Toxins in cigarette smoke can accelerate follicle depletion and increase genetic mutations in gametes and embryos. In addition, cigarettes also endanger the motility of the fallopian and the implantation effects of the embryo. This is mainly due to the effects of cigarettes that reduce blood flow to the reproductive organs. Cigarettes also compromise the quality of the ovum, reduce the ability of eggs to be fertilised and increase the likelihood of miscarriage. A decrease of up to 22% is seen in the fertility of women smokers. Men who smoke have lower sperm count and motility and increase abnormalities of sperm form and function.

3. Sports
Weight training can alter the function of menstruation and interfere with female fertility temporarily. The frequency of amenorrhea or oligomenorrhea in women who participated in various activities around 2-51%, while in sedentary women about 2-5%. The prospective study showed that women with normal menstrual cycles before, 87% cycles turned out to be abnormal when in a strenuous exercise program. Hormone abnormalities also occur, including discharge disorders and gonadotropin levels, decreased oestrogen levels, inadequate corpus luteum, and complete anovulation. Abnormalities arise most often when exercise is most intense or when exercise becomes harder. The mechanism of menstrual irregularities associated with severe exercise is unknown. It is estimated that exercise causes changes in prolactin and endorphins that affect fertility.

HIV Effect Based on Socio-Economic Aspects

There are a variety of heavy pressures always faced by people with HIV. Socioeconomic conditions have always been a very serious threat. Treatment to get HIV drugs is not easy to do. Below are some hazard threats seen from the socio-economic aspect. By visiting Elyon Family Clinic & Surgery, you can do Singapore HIV Test.

The following is the effect of HIV on Social and Economic Aspects of Persecution:

1. Loss of Work

There are not many jobs specifically opened for people with HIV. This disease is still regarded as a disease that is easily transmitted through the air or other processes. In addition, people with HIV are not easy to get a job because it may be difficult to pass the health test. Many HIV sufferers end up having to quit their jobs and are unable to continue treatment.

2. Not Able to Activate

Various types of diseases caused by bacterial and viral infections become a major health constraint for people with HIV. They can easily become sick and can not perform various activities easily. That’s why people with HIV will feel very limited in carrying out work and other activities.

3. Not Accepted Environment

The social environment does recognise that HIV disease exists. But social attitudes toward people with HIV is still very minimal. Many sufferers end up living isolated because they are not accepted by the environment. Even many HIV sufferers find it difficult to return to their family or early environment. Although this attitude is not true there are still many big obstacles for people with HIV to return to a good environment.

Many people initially assume that this disease can be transmitted easily from the air or touch. But science continues to grow and finds that the danger of HIV can only be transmitted through fluid or blood contact. Some of the causes that make HIV transmission are like sexual contact or sexual intercourse, the use of syringes that switch from HIV patients to normal people, blood transfusions and all activities involving fluid contact from the body of HIV sufferers to healthy people.

HIV Danger for Sufferers Body

HIV AIDS has become a disease that makes the most frightening to the world. This contagious disease is caused by a viral infection that is Human Immunodeficiency. The virus will cause the patient’s body to have a weaker immune system. There are several stages or phases before HIV becomes AIDS in the body. As long as the virus has entered the body HIV will develop with various processes. You can get HIV Test Singapore by visiting Elyon Family Clinic & Surgery.

The scariest part is when HIV develops into AIDS. Patients will experience various health problems from mild to a severe stage. It takes a long time from the change of HIV infection to AIDS, but basically, there is no definite time for each patient. Patients with a good immune system may take longer than HIV infection to AIDS. Why is HIV disease so feared? Basically, this disease is very dangerous. The danger of HIV AIDS not only threatens the lives of the sufferers themselves but also others from the potential for large infections. The following are some of the dangers of HIV AIDS seen from various aspects.

Health conditions become the most attention from people with HIV AIDS. Although until now the cure for this disease has not been found, then actually certain types of drugs developed to maintain the condition of the patient. Below are some of the health hazards of HIV AIDS.

1. Tuberculosis (tuberculosis) infection

One of the biggest causes of death from people with HIV AIDS is TB or tuberculosis. This disease can be suffered by people with HIV AIDS due to infection of tuberculosis bacteria. The body of the patient will have a fever, cough bleeding, weakness and lack of power to perform light activities. This is the most common type of infection of people with HIV AIDS.

2. Herpes Infection

Herpes disease is very common but in people with HIV AIDS then the condition of this disease can become more severe. The virus will stay in the body of the patient so that when the immune system is weak then the infection can attack anytime. Infection is shown in herpes that appears on the skin and genitals. But people with HIV AIDS can face serious conditions when the virus has attacked the eyes, lungs, heart and digestive tract.